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Sunday, November 13, 2016

Lonely South Korean President Park Geun-hye faced mounting pressures to resign

Angry lot: People chanting slogans during a rally demanding Park step down, in central Seoul. — Reuters

SEOUL: South Korean President Park Geun-hye faced mounting calls to step down as a record number of people at a massive rally criticised her as unfit to rule over allegations she allowed a friend to meddle in state affairs and wield influence.

The protest rally in downtown Seoul drew more than half a million people, according to its organisers, many of whom were ordinary citizens who packed the main streets running through the city centre including a 12-lane thoroughfare.

They came with family, and students and young parents pushing strollers were among the crowd as were people in wheelchairs and crutches, in a sharp contrast from some previous rallies often dominated by militant unions and civic groups that had turned violent and clashed with police.

They chanted “Step down, step down, you must step down.”

“Of course she must step down,” Jung Sun-hee, a 42-year-old homemaker who attended the rally with her husband and two pre-teen daughters, said.

“I believe we need a new person to break through this situation, who will be better than this one.”

The crowd has been given a go-ahead by the court to march later in the evening to within a few blocks of the presidential Blue House compound, which had been previously disallowed by the police, citing security reasons.

It was the third weekend protest rally since Park’s first public apology on Oct 25 where she admitted she had sought the advice of her friend, Choi Soon-sil, which only fuelled public anger and suspicion over the secret confidant who apparently held no official government position.

Choi Soon-sil mobbed by reporters

Another apology by Park and an offer to work with the parliamentary opposition to form a new Cabinet and relinquish some power failed to calm public anger, prompting her opponents to say she did not grasp the gravity of the crisis at hand.

Members of main opposition parties joined the rally calling on Park to resign, indicating there was a growing opinion in parliament to take action to remove her from power, although there was no formal move yet to launch impeachment proceedings. — Reuters

South Korea’s president said tragedy and “loneliness” drove her to rely on a shadowy female confidante

Since I arrived in the presidential office, I've lived a lonely life.

In a deeply contrite apology, South Korean president Park Geun-hye said today (Nov. 4) she alone was responsible for the current scandal engulfing her presidency, and denied allegations that she was involved with a cult or had performed shamanistic rituals at the presidential Blue House.

South Korea has been rocked by the revelation that Choi Soon-sil, the daughter of a Christian cult leader, had been advising the president on policy matters, editing her speeches (without holding any office), and leveraging their close relationship for influence and personal gain. Choi is also said to have a spiritual hold over the president and has given her advice based on mystical beliefs, including on auspicious colors to wear.

Park’s approval rating has plunged to 5% (link in Korean) according to the latest Gallup poll—a record low for a South Korean president and breaching the 6% rating of president Kim Young-sam during the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s. Park offered a deeply emotional apology that referenced her own tragic upbringing. During it, the president did not have her usual confident bearing, and instead looked small, dejected, and diminished.

“Living on my own, I had no one to help me with the many private affairs that needed taking care of, so I turned to Choi Soon-sil, whom I have known a long time for help,” Park said, adding that it was the “loneliness” she felt after cutting ties with her remaining family that drove her to lean on Choi. Park, who has never married, said she distanced herself from her remaining family after she became president “in case any untoward thing were to happen.”

“[Choi] was the person that stood by me during my hardest times, so I had my guard down. Looking back, I now see this all came about because I trusted our relationship and did not scrutinize things carefully,” Park added.

Choi Soon-sil’s father was extremely close to Park’s father, the dictator Park Chung-hee–who presided over a rapid economic boom that lifted millions of Koreans out of poverty. Park Chung-hee was assassinated by his bodyguard in 1979 when Park Geun-hye was 27. Her mother died in a previous assassination attempt on her husband. Because of these events, the current president cuts a deeply tragic figure in Korea, and there is still sympathy for her.

Kim Sun-chul, an assistant professor of Korean studies at Emory University in Georgia, said that since both her parents were killed when she was young, Park Geun-hye “doesn’t have much confidence in herself… and didn’t have much of a social life.”

“There are even parts I can understand. The daughter of a president and an ordinary university student, it’s not a typical meeting, fate, to become friends and stay friends for 40 years, so the two of you must have leaned on each other and helped one another materially,” veteran Korean news anchor Kim Joo-ha said in a letter she read on TV in October (link in Korean). Kim later faced harsh criticism and harassment for her letter, for implying that the president was a victim.

Sympathy for Park is strongest among the elderly in Korea, although even there it is not widespread. Park has a 13% approval rating among people aged 60 and above, the Gallup poll found.

“The older generation lived through the brutal assassination of her parents,” said Katharine Moon, a professor of political science at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. “It just became part of their daily life, the tragedy that that family went through… it’s not possible for some of the older generation to separate Park Geun-hye and her life from the tragedy that befell her.” -


US Forces Korea's top commander Vincent Brooks delivers a lecture, organized by the Association of the Republic of Korea Army, at a hotel in Seoul, South Korea on November 4, 2016. -EPA US missile system in South Korea in 8-10 months

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